Carbon productivity is a measure of how much value is generated from the consumption of energy. We are working to improve our carbon productivity through several mechanisms including: improving the energy efficiency of our production processes and product distribution; increasing our use of renewable energy; pursuing opportunities to further deploy our carbon capture technology and expertise; and enabling our customers and their customers to avoid CO₂ emissions. Below are carbon productivity improvements for 2020, with improvements in efficiencies, intensities and costs avoided since our 2015 baseline year.
improvement in ASU energy efficiency
improvement in HyCO energy efficiency
decrease in GHG emissions intensity (a,c)
of purchase electricity from renewable sources
in cumulative energy and water costs avoided
> 1.3 million
metric tons of CO₂e avoided through efficiency improvements (a)
improvement in distribution efficiency
metric tons of CO₂ avoided through distribution improvements (b)
the ratio of CO₂e avoided by our customers to our emissions (a)
Our direct (Scope 1) and indirect (Scope 2) CO₂ emissions are related to the energy we consume. In 2020, our Scope 1 GHG emissions, which are primarily from our HyCO operations were 15 million metric tons (MT), representing a 10% decrease from the prior year. Our Scope 2 emissions, which are due in large part to the electricity and steam we consume in our ASUs, were 9.2 million MT in 2020, which was an 8% decrease from 2019. Our Scope 3 emissions were 8.4 million MT. Please see the GRI Content Index for additional GHG data.
Last year, we surpassed our 2020 GHG emissions intensity goal that covered the period of 2015-2020 and we continued to exceed this goal throughout the year. We also made progress on our new “Third by ‘30” CO₂ intensity reduction goal, reducing our CO₂ intensity by 5% compared to the baseline year (2015) intensity.
As in prior years, CO₂ emissions data was externally verified by WSP, a recognized management and consultancy service provider.
We have trucking fleets around the world that are focused on safely and efficiently delivering our products to our customers. To improve our distribution efficiency and reduce our Scope 1 CO₂ emissions, we have many initiatives underway, including investments in new trucks, trailers, technology, and facilities.
Continuing efforts to modernize our fleets with new, more efficient trucks have increased fuel efficiency. Distribution efficiency has also been improved through the addition of trailers with higher payloads. We continue to run trials on trucks that use alternative fuels — LNG, CNG, electricity and diesel-electric hybrids — and look forward to using hydrogen as a fuel for our trucks. We also have increased the number of hybrid cars in our vehicle fleet.
Climate Change Policy Statement
Climate change, energy consumption and water use are inextricably linked. Looking ahead, the world’s population is expected to grow to over nine billion people by 2050, while their needs for energy, water and food will increase even faster. For these reasons, maximizing the efficient use of the earth’s resources while minimizing environmental impacts is vital.
Air Products’ long-standing strategy for responding to these challenges is straight forward. We enable our customers to reduce their environmental impact by providing cost-effective technologies and products that improve their energy and water efficiency and reduce emissions to the environment. At the same time, we strive to reduce energy and water consumption, as well as emissions, in our own operations through efficiency improvements and technological innovations. We are making real progress in these areas, as demonstrated by our environmental sustainability targets and related cost savings.
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